When we have a garden at home, we must be very careful when keeping it. It is actually much more difficult if it is done with plants that are not from the area, of course. Therefore, betting on native plants is much better for the conservation of your space.
are those that belong to a local region, are typical of the same region in which we are. It is much more feasible to know and find experts if we have plants in the home that we can find within a few miles. Many tropical forest plants often change their color and lose their leaves. In contrast, native plants resist that temperature to which we too are accustomed. They adapt to the climate.
Long before choosing the plants that your garden wants is necessary to know how the soil is where we are going to plant. If we are close to the sea the sandy soils do not retain much humidity so they tend to disintegrate.
Sometimes it is very necessary that you focus on creating your own soil depending on the indications that it requires.
For this, these indications are the following:
Make layers of a wet-dry mixture. Use leaves and soil with dry gooseberry and a mixture of compost and half-finished compost to improve soil texture, moisture retention and micro-organisms. Sow when the rains begin. It consumes less water and makes the plant stable by summer. Add synthetic fertilizer. The right dose enriches the soil during the first few months.
Which species to use?
This depends on your creativity and the function you want to give your garden. There are many trees that serve as a shade area and remain part of the summer with their leaves. There are species that although they take a long time to grow, are easy to transplant with stakes, like the black wood, the fig tree and the jocote.
If you want colors in your garden, you can look for shrubs like poppies, quadrangular passiflora and vanilla, which keep their flowers most of the year.
Another option is to incorporate edible plants that also have an ornamental function, like the pitahaya that has a very tasty fruit magenta color, or passion fruit, a vine that serves to divide spaces or to cover walls.
How to choose native plants?
To start choosing the right native plants for your garden, first you must identify the environmental conditions of the place, that is, where the region is located, whether it is desert or very cold, how much humidity there is, orientation, etc. If the nature of the place is respected, the plants can develop according to their conditions without needing much maintenance or care against pests, in the end, you save resources once the plants are settled.